COVID-19 (coronavirus): Long-term effects – Mayo Clinic

COVID-19 (Coronavirus): Long-term effects

Symptoms of COVID-19 can sometimes last for months. The virus can damage the lungs, heart, and brain, increasing the risk of long-term health problems.

By Mayo Clinic staff

Most people infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) fully recover within a few weeks. But some people — even those with mild versions of the disease — continue to have symptoms after their initial recovery.

These people sometimes describe themselves as “long-distance contractors” and these conditions are named after-COVID-19 Syndrome or “long .” COVID-19. These health problems are sometimes called postCOVID-19 Circumstances. It is generally considered an effect COVID-19 that lasts more than four weeks after you have been diagnosed with COVID-19 virus.

Older adults and people with several serious medical conditions are more likely to experience persistent disease COVID-19 Symptoms, but even healthy young adults can feel unwell for weeks to months after infection. Common signs and symptoms that persist over time include:

  • fatigue
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Cough
  • Joint pain
  • Source
  • Problems with memory, concentration, or sleep
  • Muscle aches or headache
  • Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
  • Loss of sense of smell or taste
  • depression or anxiety
  • fever
  • Dizziness when standing up
  • Symptoms worsen after physical or mental activities

Organ damage caused by COVID-19

although COVID-19 Seen as a disease that primarily affects the lungs, it can also damage many other organs, including the heart, kidneys, and brain. Organ damage can lead to health complications that persist afterward COVID-19 Illness. In some people, lasting health effects may include long-term breathing problems, heart complications, chronic kidney impairment, stroke, and Guillain-Barré syndrome – a condition that causes temporary paralysis.

Some adults and children develop multisystem inflammatory syndrome after they are infected COVID-19. In this case, some organs and tissues are severely inflamed.

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Blood clots and vascular problems

COVID-19 It can make blood cells more prone to clumping and forming clots. While large clots can cause heart attacks and strokes, a lot of heart damage does COVID-19 It’s thought to arise from very small clots that block tiny blood vessels (capillaries) in the heart muscle.

Other parts of the body affected by blood clots include the lungs, legs, liver, and kidneys. COVID-19 It can also weaken blood vessels and cause them to leak, contributing to long-term problems in the liver and kidneys.

Mood problems and fatigue

People with severe symptoms COVID-19 Treatment often has to be done in a hospital intensive care unit, with mechanical assistance such as a ventilator. Just surviving this experience can make a person more likely to later develop PTSD, depression, and anxiety.

Because it is difficult to predict long-term results from new COVID-19 Virus. Scientists are looking at the long-term effects seen in related viruses, such as the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Many people who have recovered from SARS You have developed chronic fatigue syndrome, a complex disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that gets worse with physical or mental activity, but does not improve with rest. The same may be true for people who have COVID-19.

Many of the long-term effects of COVID-19 remain unknown

Much is still unknown about how to do this COVID-19 It will affect people over time, but research is ongoing. Researchers recommend that doctors closely monitor people who have contracted it COVID-19 To see how their organs function after recovery.

Many large medical centers are opening specialist clinics to provide care for people with persistent symptoms or related illnesses after their recovery COVID-19. Support groups are also available.

It is important to remember that most people have COVID-19 recover quickly. But the potentially long-term problems of COVID-19 Make it more important to reduce the spread COVID-19 By following precautions. Precautions include wearing masks, social distancing, avoiding crowds, getting a vaccine when available, and keeping hands clean.


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